the worlds gone mad

we've lost the hope we had

Posted on 27 May 2021   6 min read

The Evolution of Labbing

how the worlds changed

A trip down memory lane on how things have changed in labbing from using prehistoric switches bought on eBay through emulators that took longer to configure than the labs to the present day solutions that can programmatically build a multi-vendor lab in minutes. Kids today don’t know they are born…..


Posted on 3 May 2018   9 min read

OSPF LSA Types

ospf database and lsa types

Link-state advertisements (LSA) are used to communicates the router’s local routing topology to all other local routers in the same OSPF area. There are 11 types of LSAs although only the 6 most commonly used ones are described in this post.


Posted on 22 April 2018   14 min read

Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF)

cef, fib and adjacency tables

I am currently studying to rectify my CCIE and it is at these times that I realise there is so much I have studied and learnt but forgotten. There are many cool things I come across that I think at the time are useful features that I need to remember, but unfortunately if you don’t have a real world use for them they are soon put to the back of the brain and over time forgotten. The same applies with taking for granted the way things work, be that ARP, DHCP or the process a switch or router goes through when moving traffic. I came across some of my old notes on CEF which I thought worth sharing.


Posted on 22 March 2018   6 min read

VSS Recovery mode

vss recovery mode scenario

Dual-active Detection (DAD) is designed to prevent a split-brain scenario where both VSS supervisors become active in the event of a VSL link failure. It uses a separate (from the VSL link) secondary communication link to communicate the devices state.
When the VSL link fails the standby switch becomes active and the current active switch is informed of this over the DAD links and goes into recovery mode to stop a split-brain situation occurring.


Posted on 26 November 2017   11 min read

vCentre in Azure

vcentre in azure over ipsec and gre

A recent project I was working on involved the need to join a new office to our existing Data Centres and OSPF core using a Gig circuit over the Internet. To flesh out this idea and test its viability I thought I would try and solve an ESX capacity problem I have at home by moving vCentre into the cloud.


Posted on 4 August 2017   4 min read

ESXCLI Commands

useful esxcli commands

Useful commands for managing VMs and vSwitches from ESX console. If the command has been executed successfully there will be no output returned to screen (no output = success!!!).


Posted on 4 August 2017   2 min read

USB NIC drivers for ESX

installing drivers for nuc usb nics

Intel NUCs only come with 1 built in NIC so when using them as ESX hosts it is useful to add additional USB ethernet adaptors. Before these will be recognised by the ESX OS the drivers need to be installed using a VIB file.